Download UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024 PDF
Download UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024 PDF | kGS

The Civil Services Examination is conducted every year by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for the famous posts in the Government of India like IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS etc.

The UPSC exam consists of three stages:

  1. Preliminary Examination (Objective Type)
  2. Main Examination (Traditional Type Written Examination)
  3. Interview/Personality Test

The UPSC preliminary exam is divided into two papers:

  • General Studies Paper-I (GS-I) and
  • General Studies Paper-II (CSAT).

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2024: Overview

Candidates who are preparing for the UPSC exam need to know the syllabus of both the preliminary and main exams. UPSC Prelims Exam is the preliminary stage of the examination and is objective.

CategoryUPSC Prelims Syllabus
No. of PapersGeneral Studies – IGeneral Studies – II (CSAT)
Types of QuestionsObjective-Type (MCQs)
No. of Questions100 Questions for GS-I80 Questions for GS-II
Time Duration2 Hours for Each Paper
Maximum Marks200 Marks for Each Paper
Language of ExamHindi & English
Mode of ExamOffline (Pen & Paper)
Negative Marking1/3rd mark for each wrong answer
UPSC Prelims Syllabus Overview

UPSC Prelims 2023 Syllabus Subject-wise

A detailed UPSC syllabus is available in this section. Candidates can review the entire General Studies (Paper-I) and CSAT (Paper-II) syllabus subject-wise and start preparing for UPSC CSE 2023.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus for GS Paper-1

The first paper of the UPSC Prelims exam is General Studies 1 (GS-1) which includes Geography, History, Art and Culture, Politics, Economy, Environment and Ecology, General Science, Science and Technology and Current Affairs.

Geography Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

Fundamentals of Geography (Physical Geography)Principles of Indian Geography
General Geography:
Earth Evolution

Earth’s Interior
Geology and Rock System
Geomorphic Process
Earthquakes and Volcanism
Distribution of Continents and Oceans
Landforms and their evolution
Landforms across the world

Submarine Relief Features
Temperature and Salinity
Waves, Oceans, Currents, Tides
Marine Resources
Ocean, Deposits and Corals

AtmosphereInversion of Temperature
Insolation and Heat Budget
Air Mass, Fronts, Cyclones and Jet Streams
Wind and Pressure Belts
Climate Zones of the World

Bio Geography:
Soil Characteristics
Vegetation Resources

Human and Economic Geography:
Demography and Census
Human Development
Economic Activities
Transport and Communication
International Trade
Indian Geography:
Physiography of India
Drainage System
Soils in India
Natural Vegetation
Settlements and Urbanization
Land Resource
Mineral Resource
Energy Resource
Agriculture and Basic Terminology
Recent developments in agriculture productivity of CropsIndustry
Recent developments in Industry and Transport

World Regional Geography:
Continents, Countries, and Cities
Location in News
Geography Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

History Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

Ancient HistoryPre-Historic Times
Indus Valley Civilization
Rig Vedic Period
Later Vedic Period
Mauryan Empire
Post-Mauryan Period
Gupta Period
Harshwardhana Period
Sangam Period (South-Indian Dynasties)
Medieval HistoryFamous Early Medieval Indian Dynasties
(Pallavas, Pratiharas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas)
Cholas and South Indian Kingdoms
Early Muslim Invasions
The Delhi Sultanate
Afghans, Rajputs & Mughals
Establishment of the North-Indian Empire
The Mughal Empire
Marathas and the Other Indian States
The decline of the Mughal Empire
Vijaynagar Empire
Modern HistoryAdvent of Europeans
British Expansion
Administration before 1857
Economic Policies of the British
Impact of British Administration
Revolt of 1857
Administrative Changes after 1857
Development of Civil Services
Development of Education
Development of Press
Socio-Religious Reforms
Peasant Movements
Revolutionary Nationalism
Indian National Movement-I (1905-1918)
Indian National Movement-II (1918-1929)
Indian National Movement-III (1930-1947)
Governors-General and Viceroys of India
Constitutional Development of Indian
History Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

Art and Culture Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

  • Architecture
  • Sculpture
  • Paintings (Mural & Miniature)
  • Pottery Tradition
  • Numismatics
  • Performing Arts (Dance, Music, Theater, Martial Arts)
  • Religion and Literature
  • National and Regional Festivals

Environment Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

Environment & EcologyBio-diversity
Origin of Life Forms
Basic Concepts of Ecology
Ecosystem Functions
Population Ecology
Adaptation of Species and Interactions
Terrestrial Ecosystem
Aquatic Ecosystem
Nutrient Cycling
Basics of Biodiversity
Animal and Plant Diversity
Threats to Biodiversity
Biodiversity Conservation
Coral Reefs
Resource Degradation and Management
Environmental Pollution
Climate Change
Environmental Governance
Environment Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

Polity Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

Evolution of the Consitution
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
Union Territories
Fundamental Rights
Directive Principles of State Policy
Fundamental Duties
System of Governance
Union Executive
Union Legislature
State Executive
State Legislature
Local Government
UT and Special Areas
Constitutional & Non-Constitutional Bodies
Political Dynamics (Political Parties, Elections, Pressure Groups)
International Relations
Polity Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

Economy Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

Basic Concepts:
Macroeconomic Concepts
Microeconomic Concepts

Economic Measurements:
National Income & Its Calculation
Economic Growth and Development

Money & Banking:
Money Function & Classification
Financial Markets & Its Instruments
Banking Structure in India

Public Finance in India:
Fiscal Policy
Centre-state Distribution
Tax Structure in India
Meaning, Objective & History
Planning Institutions
Five-Year Plans in India
NITI Aayog

Open Economy:
Foreign Trade Concepts
International Organizations
Trade Agreements
Recent Development

Economic Sectors:
Employment and Unemployment
Government Schemes and Programmes
Economy Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

General Science Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

  • Science & Technology in India
  • Space
  • IT and Communication
  • Materials, Nano Technology and Robotics
  • Defence
  • Nuclear Technology
  • Intellectual Property Rights and Other Miscellaneous Issues
  • Biotechnology

CSAT Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam

The following main categories comprise the UPSC CSAT syllabus which is mentioned in the UPSC notification:

  • Understanding
  • interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability
  • decision-making and problem-solving
  • general mental ability
  • Basic numerical skills (order of magnitude, numbers and their relationships, etc.) (tenth class level)
  • Data Interpretation (Graphs, Charts, Tables, Data Sufficiency etc.) (Xth Class Level).

Some Important Facts About UPSC Prelims Exam

Certainly, here are some important facts about the UPSC Prelims Exam:

  • Objective Test: UPSC Prelims is an objective type examination consisting of two papers: Paper-I (General Studies) and Paper-II (Civil Services Aptitude Test or CSAT).
  • Qualifying Nature: Paper-II (CSAT) is of qualifying nature, and candidates need to score a minimum of 33% marks to proceed to the main examination.
  • Negative Marking: There is a negative marking for wrong answers. For each wrong answer, one-third of the marks assigned to the question are deducted.
  • Cut-off Marks: The cut-off marks for Prelims are determined every year at the discretion of UPSC and vary from year to year.
  • Equal Weightage: Both papers have equal weightage in terms of preliminary exam marks.
  • All India Ranking: The result of the preliminary examination is based on the All India Ranking System, and only a certain number of candidates are selected for the main examination.
  • Limit of one attempt: Candidates can attempt the UPSC Prelims exam a maximum of six times, provided they fulfill the age criteria.

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